Cold Weather-Hypothermia

Body’s core temperature drops to below 95 degrees Fahrenheit can cause the following:

  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Uncontrolled shivering
  • Cool, blush skin
  • Slurred speech
  • Clumsy movements
  • Irritableness
  • Irrational or confused behavior

If symptoms are detected due to air temperatures:

  • Call for emergency help
  • Move person to a warm, dry area
  • Do NOT leave the person alone
  • Remove any wet clothing and replace with warm, dry clothing or wrap the person in blankets
  • Have the person drink warm, sweet drinks if they are alert avowing drinks with caffeine or alcohol
  • Have the person move their arms and legs to create muscle heat or place warm bottles or hot packets in the armpits, groin, neck and head

Do NOT rub the person’s body or place them in a warm water bath, this may stop their heart!

If symptoms are detected as the result of getting soaking wet:

  • Call for emergency help-911
  • Body heat is lost up to 25 times faster in water
  • Do NOT remove any clothing
  • Button, buckle, zip and tighten any collars, cuffs, shoes and hoods—The layer of trapped water closest to the body provides a layer of insulation that slows the loss of heat

If symptoms are the result of falling into water:

  • Keep head out of the water and put on a hat or hood
  • Get out of the water as quickly as possible
  • Do NOT attempt to swim unless an object or person can be reached—swimming or other physical activity uses the body’s heat and reduces survival time by about 50%
  • If getting out of the water is not possible, wait quietly and conserve body heat
  • If another person is in the water, huddle together